413, Wake Green Road, Billesley, Birmingham, B13 (Grade II)

413, Wake Green Road is a grade two (II) listed building in Billesley, Birmingham, B13. It was first listed in 1998.

About 413, Wake Green Road

SP 27 NE BIRMINGHAM WAKE GREEN ROAD (east side)



997/12/10157 Number 413 (odd)



DESCRIPTION Prefab without shed. Erected in 1945 under the Housing (Temporary Accommodation) Act by the Ministry of Works, the City Council supplying the site and foundations. Phoenix design, a welded steel tube frame-clad in cream-painted corrugated asbestos sheeting with internal timber lining and partitions. Shallow-pitched corrugated asbestos roof, felt-covered, with central apex and low chimney. One storey. The dimensions of the prototype Portal house of 1944 were adopted (32’4″ by 21’3″), as were its provision of two bedrooms to left of hall, living room to right and the standard Portal kitchen and bathroom unit, which was delivered ready assembled to site. Timber windows with metal opening casements and toplights, the living rooms to right with distinctive double casements mirrored around central mullion. Central half-glazed door under curved metal porch that is an idiosyncratic feature of the Phoenix design. Similar casement windows to rear. The interior was designed to be fully fitted at a time when furniture and kitchen fixtures were unavailable. Living room with fitted shelving, principal bedroom (at rear) with fitted cupboards. Kitchen, bathroom and separate WC fitted as a single unit, designed by the Ministry of Works, and some features remain.



HISTORY Some 2,428 Phoenix prefabs were erected in the United Kingdom as part of the Temporary Housing Programme, which erected about 156,623 temporary bungalows across Britain between 1944 and 1948. This was a scheme devised by Lord Portal, Minister of Works, to relieve the post-war housing shortage at a time when conventional materials were unavailable and wartime industries needed a new peacetime function. It is one of the rarest of the eleven approved types, though one of the most substantially built. Modelled on the Portal prototype bungalow exhibited at the Tate Gallery in 1944 they are notable for their fully fitted interiors, which from the first included fitted kitchens with washing machines and refrigerators (then still novelties), and careful layout. The bungalows erected under the Housing (Temporary Accommodation) Act stand out from other prefabricated housing of the period because of their more carefully planned design, internal fixtures, their great historic interest and by being detached.



ASSESSMENT The group of prefabs in Wake Green Road is an unusual surviving example of a rare variant of the Portal bungalow, that is still more remarkable for its exceptional state of preservation with few alterations. (The Builder: 7 September 1945: 195; Brenda Vale: Prefabs, a History of the UK Temporary Housing Programme).


Where is 413, Wake Green Road?

413, Wake Green Road is located on 413, Wake Green Road, in Billesley, Birmingham, B13.


Key Facts

Grid ReferenceSP 09796 81377
Easting, Northing409796, 281377.36084
Latitude, Longitude52.430291, -1.857352
Grade listingII (two)
English Heritage List Entry Number1022576
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